It’s Whole Grains Month and I’m celebrating with this satisfying Middle Eastern barley and herb salad. Barley has a satisfying chew, is high in protein and out-fibers many other whole grains.
Originally posted for Huffington Post on 05/30/2011
Meatless by the Book
If you want to find justification in the Bible for any sort of behavior, it’s in there. It’s just a matter of interpretation, from when the earth will end to what a supreme being had in mind for us to eat.
In Genesis 1:29, the Word, as Adam and Eve got it, was, “Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in which is the fruit of a tree bearing seed, to you it shall be for food.” You can read that and conclude God wants us to be meatless.
Then you can read Genesis 9:3 in which God tells Noah, “Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you, even as the green herb have I given you all things,” and conclude God’s given us the okay for animal.
Or you can reckon, as I do, that Noah was a whiner. That he yammered and yammered and said, But I don’t like seeds and herbs and we’re stuck here in the rain on this stupid boat and I’m hungry. God just gave in and said, all right, already, eat what you like, let it be on your head.
I’m a little skeptical about Peter, who in Acts 10:9-15, hears a voice telling him nothing is forbidden him to eat. Some religious pros believe the voice to be God’s, but we weren’t there, who knows, maybe Peter was just crazed with hunger and suffering auditory hallucinations.
So we go back to Genesis 1:28, the bit where the Lord gave man dominion over all the animals.
Yes, but that doesn’t say we should eat them, too. Dominion is not the same as domination. I prefer to think the interpretation here is, we are custodians of our fellow animals, and since we have this fairly well developed cerebral cortex that puts us in charge, it’s our job to look after them. With compassion, not cruelty. And without making them dinner.
Those made nervous by a meatless diet like to cite Romans 14:1-23 – “The weak person eats only vegetables,” and though I’ve read an interpretation saying, oh, the Bible doesn’t really mean it, even I’ve got to say that sounds pretty definitive. But then the scripture reads, “Let not the one who eats despise the one who abstains, and let not the one who abstains pass judgment on the one who eats, for God has welcomed him.” And there’s Corinthians 8:1, which says, “Meat commendeth us not to God.”
Look, I’m not a Bible scholar. I’m a Sunday school dropout and an agnostic. I think if there is a God, it’s a big-hearted being, despite our quirks and our craziness, able to focus on the big picture, see what we’re doing and basically shrug and say, Oy, what can you do.
God laid down a scant few rules — ten of ‘em. We have a hard enough time following these (some kind of design flaw). How many elected officials alone have skirted or shrugged off three of your basic commandments — thou shalt not lie, thou shalt not steal, thou shalt not commit adultery?
So am I questioning God? No. I’m questioning us. Because while the message might be a little confusing, basically God says we can choose what we eat. The question becomes, what do we choose?
I choose compassion, towards animals of all kinds. Including — though it’s sometimes a struggle — my own kind, the human kind. Which brings me to one of my Biblical faves, Proverbs 15:17 “Better is a dinner of herbs where love is than a fattened ox and hatred with it.”
The way I interpret the Bible is the way I choose to live — with a supersized portion of compassion, hold the meat, hold the side of hatred. And don’t forget the wine — it gets a big Biblical seal of approval, and who are we to argue with that?
Biblical Barley and Herb Salad
This barley and herb salad has life force and history. Cheap, fortifying, and loaded with fiber, barley feeds 5,000 people in the Book of John and is a hit in the Old Testament too.
These days, most people consider barley — if they consider it at all — as something wintery, perhaps sharing space with mushrooms in a warming bowl of soup. Here, this ancient whole grain gets the tabbouleh treatment, and becomes a significant salad loaded with herbs (and love — see Proverbs above). Nice as part of a biblical meze (Middle Eastern tapas, if you will), served alongside a blob of hummus and flatbread or with roasted eggplant, it’s just right for any season.
Biblical Barley and Herb SaladThis barley salad has life force and history. Cheap, fortifying, and loaded with fiber, barley feeds 5,000 people in the Book of John and is a hit in the Old Testament too. These days, most people consider barley — if they consider it at all — as something wintery, perhaps sharing space with mushrooms in a warming bowl of soup. Here, this ancient whole grain gets the tabbouleh treatment, and becomes a significant salad loaded with herbs (and love — see Proverbs above). Nice as part of a biblical meze (Middle Eastern tapas, if you will), served alongside a blob of hummus and flatbread or with roasted eggplant, it’s just right for spring. Tahini is an extremely luscious sesame paste, available in Middle Eastern groceries, natural food stores, and most supermarkets. Like natural (preservative-free) peanut butter, tahini tends to separate, with the oil floating to the top of the sesame goodness below. Stir well before using.
- 2 cups vegetable broth or water
- 1 cup barley
- 1 bunch fresh mint chopped
- 1 bunch fresh cilantro chopped
- 1 bunch fresh flat-leaf parsley chopped
- 3 scallions chopped
- 1 to mato chopped
- Juice of 1 lemon
- 2 tablespoons olive oil
- 1 teaspoon ground cumin
- Pinch of red pepper flakes
- 1/2 teaspoon agave nectar
- 1 handful kalamata olives pitted
- 2 tablespoons tahini
- Sea salt and freshly ground pepper
- In a large pot, bring the vegetable broth to a boil over high heat. Add the barley. Cover, reduce the heat to low, and simmer until the liquid is absorbed and the grains are tender, about 30 minutes.
- Fluff the cooked barley with a fork and set aside to cool. (The cooked barley can be stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator for a day or two; bring to room temperature before proceeding with the recipe.) Stir in the herbs, scallions, and tomato.
- In a small bowl, whisk together the lemon juice, olive oil, cumin, red pepper flakes, and agave nectar. Pour over the barley and stir until the grains are evenly coated with the dressing. Stir in the kalamatas.
- Refrigerate in an airtight container for at least two hours. The dressing will soften and moisten the barley.
- Remove the barley salad from the refrigerator. Drizzle the tahini over the barley salad and season with salt and pepper. The kalamatas add some saltiness of their own, so don’t season until just before serving.
- Serve cool or at room temperature.